Have you noticed tiny white or yellow spots on the eyelids, under the eyes, on the nose or on the cheeks? These stubborn small growths are called milia and actually represent small cysts that form beneath the skin.
They occur when parts of dead skin cells remain trapped underneath and then turn into small solid white balls. Inside, there is keratin, a protein found in the skin and hair. They can grow up to 2 millimeters but are often smaller. Although they can develop in everyone, they most commonly occur in newborns. In adults, however, they can last a long time. However, in both cases, they are harmless and usually do not require treatment.
What causes their occurrence?
No one knows exactly what causes them and why some people are more pronounced than others. But, according to some reports, excessive use of heavy cosmetics can spur their occurrence.
Milia is also associated with certain health conditions, certain medications and skin traumas, such as burns, rashes, dermabrasions, and even tattoos. In those cases, it is a secondary mile and then the white spots can appear anywhere on the body.
They can develop in some areas of the skin after the first bubbles, superficial ulcers or trauma from other procedures are first created.
A similar process occurs with sunburn. White balls can also occur when the skin is peeling, with small pieces of epidermis remaining trapped beneath the surface of the skin.
There are also drugs that can contribute to their development, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors that treat various cancers and corticosteroids.
How to get rid of them?
The milia should not be squeezed. They are usually lost within weeks to months. But you’ll probably want to get rid of them without waiting for them to back down. As with other skin irregularities, milia should not be squeezed as it will only worsen the condition of the face.
You can visit a dermatologist and it is definitely advisable to take care of the person even though improper care or unhygienic care is not the cause.
Washing the face or sitting under warm running water in the shower can soften them, making it easier for the dermatologist to remove.
Some try to get rid of them at home using rose water or manuka honey, but there is no evidence that they really help. It is also not advisable to use peels, as they can worsen the situation.
There is some evidence that vitamin A-based retinoids can help with the treatment, so if you have too much, your doctor may prescribe.
When should you visit a dermatologist?
If you have decided that you want to get rid of these small balls, visit a dermatologist. They are benign and require no treatment, but the dermatologist can diagnose them and help if they are irritated or aesthetically disturbed.
Removing them in the dermatologist office is simple, because they are on the surface of the skin, but you should not do this yourself.