Their sting hurts a lot, but if it disappears, it will hurt a lot more. The Earthwatch Institute concluded in a recent debate by the Royal Society of Geography that bees are the most important living creature on the planet, but scientists have also reported that bees are already at risk of extinction.
Recent research tells us that bees around the world have disappeared by up to 90%. The reasons vary depending on the region, but among the main ones are massive deforestation, lack of safe nesting sites, lack of flowers, use of uncontrolled pesticides and changes in the soil.
A study in Chile found that bees are the only living creature that is not a carrier of any pathogen, regardless of whether it is a fungus, a virus, or a bacterium so that agriculture in the world depends on 70% of these insects. Bee pollination allows plants to reproduce, feeding millions of animals. Without this being, the fauna would soon disappear. Not only does honey produced by bees serve as food, but it also provides many benefits for our health and our skin.
The Swiss Institute of Technology in Switzerland proposes a theory that blames the waves produced by mobile telephony. They explain that the waves, which are emitted during a call, are capable of disorienting bees. Causing them to lose their direction and therefore endanger their lives.
Researcher and biologist Daniel Favre, along with other researchers, has made 83 experiments that show that bees in the presence of these waves make noise ten times larger than usual. A behavior that gives bees a signal to be in danger and important to leave the hive.
Undoubtedly, the biggest cause of extinction is attributed to the constant smoke of the crop. This is the case in Colombia, where over the last three years, 34% of bees have died from agrotoxin poisoning.
There are indeed solutions. But they are very difficult to implement because there are very entrenched practices in production and agriculture. Three solutions have been proposed with the hope that they will be implemented in a short time:
- Prohibit, not reduce, the use of toxic pesticides.
- Promote fully natural agricultural alternatives.
- Perform ongoing research and monitoring of bee health, wellbeing and conservation.
It is vital to determine the strategic nature of the protection and repopulation of bees and other pollinators.