Many people don’t know the reason what causes diabetes. Firstly you need to know what is diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body can not efficiently use the product insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. Hyperglycaemia – an elevated blood sugar level is a consequence of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many systems in the body, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
In 2014, 9% of adults had diabetes. In 2012, diabetes was a direct cause of 1.5 million deaths. More than 80% of deaths cases caused by diabetes and its complications occur in countries with low and medium economic status.
At least 50% of all people with diabetes do not attach importance to the symptoms they have and do not require medical attention, which leads them to be undiagnosed.
Diabetes Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin delivery and requires daily taking insulin. The cause of diabetes type 1 is not yet known, and can not be prevented by the current knowledge. Symptoms include: excessive urine output, thirst, persistent famine, weight loss, vision changes, and fatigue. These simulations may occur
Diabetes type 2
Type 2 diabetes occurs as a result of ineffective use of insulin by the body. It occurs in 90% of people who are diabetic in the whole world, what causes diabetes is due to excess body weight and physical inactivity. Symptoms may be similar to those of type 1 diabetes, but are often less noticeable. As a result, the disease can be diagnosed and several years after the onset of complications.
Certain blood sugar levels may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This condition is called prediabetes, when the values for the blood glucose concentration is higher than normal, and lower than criteria for diagnosis. About 50% of people with so-called Prediabetes can develop type 2 diabetes.
Common consequences of diabetes
- Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.
- Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. In a multinational study, 50% of people with diabetes die from cardiovascular diseases (most commonly heart disease and stroke).
- In combination with a reduction in blood flow, neuropathy (nerve damage) on the legs, increases the chances of an ulcer legs, infections and possible need for amputation of the limbs.
- Diabetic retinopathy is the main cause of blindness, and it occurs as a result of long-term accumulated damage to small vessels in the retina. One percent of global blindness can be associated with diabetes.
- Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney problems.
- The risk of dying in people with diabetes is twice as high their peers without diabetes.
It has been shown that a simple lifestyle can be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes.
To help with prevention of type 2 diabetes and its complications, people should:
- achieve and maintain normal body weight;
- be physically active – more activity is needed to control weight;
- to consume healthy foods with 3 to 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day. And yes reduce sugar and saturated fat in the diet;
- Avoid using cigarettes – smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases
Sitting more than eight hours a day causes diabetes and heart disease
Dallas, August 24, 2018 (MIA) – The longer we sit, the greater the risk of damage to the heart, and here we should specifically emphasize heart failure. According to a new study by the University of Texas in which over 1,700 respondents participated.
A blood test reveals that people sitting longer for a day had a higher troponin level. In particular, the risk group includes those who sit for an average of more than 8-9 hours. And apart from damage to the heart, the risk of diabetes and other similar diseases increases.
What should be especially emphasized is that in these circumstances, neither exercise can much help, experts say.
For now, it is not known why sitting is associated with a weakening of the heart’s work and what causes diabetes. So additional research will be required.